Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Chapter I Introduction In a beauty-pageant-crazy country like the Philippines, the annual Miss Universe pageantry is a most-awaited event for many Filipinos. It is that time when many Filipino people gravitate towards their TV sets with their eyes wide open as though entranced on the pageant events as they unfold. Probably next to boxing, the Miss Universe pageant is the most-widely watched worldwide event in the Philippines. As evidence of the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s penchant for this event, the country has fared quite well as far as producing winners is concerned. Gloria Diaz copped the coveted crown in 1969. Margie Moran duplicated the feat in 1973. And not a few others almost brought home the crown in their respective attempts: Miriam QuiambaoÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Scope and Delimitation The researcher has conducted its research in GenSantos Foundation College, Inc. and selected students from first year Bachelor of Science in Business Administration major in Marketing Management as respondents. Definition of Terms Transgender is a general term applied to a variety of individuals, behaviors, and groups involving tendencies to vary from culturally conventional gender roles. This was emphasized in this study. Students are a learner or someone who attends an educational institution. In some nations, the English term or its cognate in another language is reserved for those who attend university, while a schoolchild under the age of eighteen is called a pupil, in English or an equivalent in other languages. In its widest use, student is used for anyone who is learning. They wereShow MoreRelatedStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 PagesOverview 23 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Inputs 24 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Processes 25 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Outcomes 25 Summary and Implications for Managers 30 S A L Self-Assessment Library How Much Do I Know About Organizational Behavior? 4 Myth or Science? Ã¢â¬Å"Most Acts of Workplace Bullying Are Men Attacking WomenÃ¢â¬ 12 An Ethical Choice Can You Learn from Failure? 24 glOBalization! Does National Culture Affect Organizational Practices? 30 Point/Counterpoint Lost in Translation? 31 Questions for Review 32 Experiential Exercise Workforce Diversity 32 Ethical Dilemma
Friday, May 15, 2020
Professionalism in the Workplace Professionalism in the workplace is a crucial component for running a successful business. When you enter an establishment and the employees are well-dressed, informative, and provide excellent customer service, people leave satisfied and likely to return again in the future. Many factors contribute to professionalism such as following a dress code, being respectful, setting boundaries, and establishing trust. The first topic I would like to discuss is complying with the dress code your institution has requested. If you are unsure of what your institutionÃ¢â¬â¢s dress code policy is, ask your supervisor to make sure that you are in compliance. It is very important in any line of work to make a good first impression and your appearance plays a vital role. Ã¢â¬Å"Conservative clothing, proper personal hygiene, and physical well-being, contributes to personal appearance (McCall, Tankersley, 2012)Ã¢â¬ .When employees follow a dress code it provid es a sense of organization as well as helping customers differentiate employees from customers. Another item to consider is cleanliness which ties into the dress code policy. When employees perform self-care, such as showering regularly, wearing clean clothes, tidying their hair, and shaving when needed it gives consumers a good impression. Secondly, I would like to address how respect plays a significant role in maintaining professionalism in the work place. Respect can be broken down into two categories;Show MoreRelatedCase Study Essay2444 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesHsiehÃ¢â¬â¢s commitment to merging the workplace with social lives could present risk to the company in the form of unprofessional or inappropriate conduct that is not addressed properly. His approach is person and situation specific. The modern management styles employed by Hsieh at Zappos, while unique, are effective in the proper environment. Zappos employees are noted to be incredibly enthusiastic about the Zappos brand, the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s core values, and its workplace. Both Zappos unique culture andRead MoreLiterature Review2013 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesTo inform Pizza Hut about the value of motivation and ways to motivate its employees Reviving staff spirit: a key to impressive service. (Customer Service). ÃâÃ « Scott, Gail (Sept Ã ¡V Oct 2001) - Objective: This journal article is concerned with workers in the healthcare industry, who are demoralized and dissatisfied with their jobs. The article mentions the methods that successful systems use to help their staff members reconnect with the firmÃ ¡Ã ¦s mission and vision, and bring new life and meaningRead MoreOrganisation Culture4416 Words Ã |Ã 18 PagesIntroduction Social scientists and researchers delved into the idea of organisational culture as an important component of organisational theory in the past. Brown (1998) identified four different sources of organisational culture which stems from climate research, national cultures, human resources management, and from conviction approaches. This piece of work critically evaluates organisational cultures in the Early Years settings. The first part looks at the theoretical background to the evolutionRead MoreBus 210 Complete Minus Dqs and Powerpoint Assignments5361 Words Ã |Ã 22 PagesBUS 210 WK 1 BUSINESS MODELS AND SYSTEMS I live in BLANK, FL, every morning I go and get my Starbucks coffee from the Starbucks branch not far from house. 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ISBN 978 0 7176 1276 5 Price Code BE Successful health and safety management was prepared by HSE as a practical guide for directors, managers, health and safety professionals and employeeRead MoreValue Based Leadership and Spirituality in the Workplace6185 Words Ã |Ã 25 PagesVALUE-BASED LEADERSHIP AND SPIRITUALITY IN THE WORKPLACE I herewith declare this work to be my own, that I have acknowledged all the sources I have consulted in the paper itself and not only in the bibliography, that all wording unaccompanied by a reference is my own, and that no part of this paper has been directly sourced from the internet, or elsewhere, without providing the necessary recognition. I acknowledge that if any part of this declaration is found to be false I shall receive noRead MoreLayout Strategy5187 Words Ã |Ã 21 Pagesthey manage in order to be more competitive. A key measure of management in the 1990s and beyond lies in results attained relative to the opportunities and constraints created by rapid environmental change. A primary way to gain competitive advantage is to manage people more effectively. Developing and implementing human resource strategies ensures that actions in managing human resources are aligned with competitive demand, as reflected in business strategies. To win in the global marketplace, companiesRead MoreIndustrial Attachment Report3770 Words Ã |Ã 16 Pages[pic]MAIN CAMPUS SCHOOL OF BUSINESS DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NAME OF AUTHOR: NGURU MICHAEL MACHARIA REGISTRATION NO: B010-0107/07 COURSE: BACHELOR OF COMMERCE (ACCOUNTING) INDUSTRIAL ATTACHMENT REPORT INSTITUTION ATTACHED MUNICIPAL COUNCIL OF MURANGÃ¢â¬â¢A (MCM) DATE ATTACHED: 5TH JAN- 25TH FEB 2011 (8WEEKS) ACADEMIC SUPERVISOR: MR. KAMUNGÃ¢â¬â¢A This report has been submitted to Kimathi University college of Technology in partial fulfillment of the requirements of Bachelor of Commerce (Accounting)Read MoreNew Challenges in Retail Human Resource Management5813 Words Ã |Ã 24 Pagesincreasing realization that people are one of a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s key assets. Re- tail means working and serving customers in a direct, personal way. This calls for special actions from retail companies to fulfill the demands of an increasing num- ber of well-informed and sophisticated consumers. In view of all the c hanges in both national and international contexts, it is ab solutely essential to get the right people if a business is to be successful and sustainable. Retailing is a major labor-intensiveRead MoreEssay on Mount Cedar Technologies10813 Words Ã |Ã 44 PagesGoals and Strategies Mission Statement It is the mission of Cedar Tech, Inc. to provide its employees and customers with the highest level of respect and service. Redefining the structure of the organization and building an effective sustainable business will allow for long-term goals and strategies to be maintained through a set of core values and a list of individual rights and responsibilities. Goals There are several items Cedar Tech needs to implement in order to become the regional leader
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
According to the California Law, statutory rape is having sexual relations with a Ã¢â¬Å"childÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"minorÃ¢â¬ anyone who is below the age of consent. Committing this crime can result in imprisonment and cause the defendant to be charged with a felony even if they weren t previously aware of the age of the victim at the time in which the act was done. When a statutory rape case is being evaluated, the victim must be under the age of 18 or under the age of consent and the one presenting the case must have proof that sexual intercourse occurred. The reason why this law was put into play was because in the eyes of the government it is believed that unless one is over the age of consent, they are physically and mentally incapable of giving consent to any sexual activities. Although the amendment states that all men are created equal, there is still an existing gender bias favoring women when it comes down to who commits the crime. Statutory Rape is a very foggy law when it comes to the specifics and the crime can still be committed even if both people engaging in sexual acts are below the age of consent as well. Ã¢â¬Å"Statutory rape is a state sex crime that can be charged as a felony or misdemeanor offense and may be punishable by incarceration, fine, probation, and/or registry as a sex offender, depending on the state and circumstances of the incidentÃ¢â¬ (Findlaw,1). 17-year old Alan Jepsen from Sheboygan, Wisconsin was at home playing videogames when the police barged in and handcuffed himShow MoreRelated Statutory Rape Essay example1092 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Statutory Rape Laws The term Ã¢â¬Å"statutory rapeÃ¢â¬ is used when the government considers people under a certain age to be unable to give consent to sex and therefore consider sexual contact with them to be a rape. The age at which individuals are considered to give consent is called the age of consent. The age of consent can ranging from thirteen to twenty-one, depending on the limits set by each state in accordance with local standards of morality. Even sex that violates the age-of-consent laws butRead MoreThe Age Of Consent1647 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe way girls are increasingly sexualized at younger ages in popular culture. However, this situation would be fine if the two love birds lived in Hawaii, where the age of consent is fourteen. Is it fair that depending on the state we reside in, determines who we date? Also, is it right that an eighteen-year-old is wrong for having a sexual relationship with a girl who is only one year younger than him, but may not be of the age of legal consent? Then is it okay for a seventeen-year-old to have intercourseRead MoreHow Old Is 15?1656 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHow old is 15? At the age of 15 you can work, begin to drive, and if you were to get in trouble with the law, you can even be tried as an adult. With that being said, one would say that at the age of 15 you have a mature mindset. ShouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t a person who is able to do all of these things be allowed to love whom they please? Suppose you have a 15-year-old child and he or she wants to date someone older, much older, how would you feel? Most parents would feel disapproval of their child s actionsRead MoreThe Problems with Statutory Rape Essay examples1006 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe laws surrounding statutory rape. Although the laws are in place to help people, many people see them as unfair and they believe that there are changes that could be made to help improve these laws. A major problem with statutory rape laws is that each state has a different law. To help improve statutory rape laws, all states should work together to have a set of country-wide laws, so that the states all have the same laws. With a few minor improvements, the statutory rape laws would be problemRead MoreYoung Girls in Puberty Are Not Women Essay1213 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMost teenage girls cherish the moments when they start to reach the age of puberty. Reaching the age of puberty means a lot for them: they are now consider a woman; which is, where their bodies are now able to reproduce. Reaching Puberty not only signifies maturity or being able to reproduce but also, signifies a major hormonal change that may possible lead to sexual maturation. In addition, puberty also accompanied with major physical growth and development of the brain; which is still diminutiveRead MoreLegal Age Of Sexual Consent1569 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Legal Age of Sexual Consent Taylor Obert PSY 200B March 16, 2017 Introduction Age of sexual consent refers to the age when an individual can consent to sexual activity. Sexual activities are defined differently by countries, with there even being a difference between the United States and Canada who share a border. The ages of consent also vary among countries and also by individual state in the United States. Engaging in sexually activities with individuals that are not the legalRead MoreStatutory Rape : A Legal Matter2047 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesStatutory rape is a legal matter in which an individual has sexual intercourse with a minor. Although the statutory rape law is to protect any individual from being sexually abused by an older individual sexual assault is mainly geared towards protecting women. Even though having sex with a minor is illegal it is possible in some states to have sex with a minor with valid consent. If an individual is caught having sexual intercourse with a minor the penalties may result in serving time in a stateRead MoreThe Legal Ages Of Consent By States Legislations1639 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDue to differences of opinion on legal ages of consent by states legislations, there is an issue concerning the basis of equality established in every case involving statutory rape laws across the United States. Since the welfare reformation of 1996, teen pregnancy was targeted as a large contribution to the issue of having many welfare recipients. Officials agreed upon the enforcement of stricter statutory rape laws with the intent to potentially frighten older men from having relations with youngerRead MoreDefinition Of Criminal Behavior And Law1462 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesto criminalize behavior that otherwise outcome in definite terror attacks. The second article of discussion is Ã¢â¬Å"On Statutory Rape, Strict Liability, and the Public Welfare Offense ModelÃ¢â¬ . State statutory rape laws on disputes of age, gender, and possible grouping and punishment, the dispute on whether to involve a criminal mens rea or include strict liability continues. Statutory rape as a strict liability crime simply functions because culpability in which a foundation of punishment which has beenRead MorePevelance and Effects of Rape1064 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Prevalence and Effects of Rape The prevalence of rape is a major social problem that plagues America and other countries around the world daily. Victims of rape are psychologically, and sometimes physically damaged from being sexually assaulted. Although it would seem that it is a sexually motivated crime, rape Ã¢â¬Å"is actually an act of violence in which sex is used as a weapon against a powerless victimÃ¢â¬ (Kendall 197). Neither rapists, nor rape victims are concentrated to one specific class or
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Getting up in the morning is very difficult after a long weekend or a long night of staying up doing homework, and everyday kids complain about going to school because they are to tired. What do schools and parents do about it? They tell us to toughen up and to go to bed early, but how is that possible? If we were to start school later, the school day would be so much more easier and students wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t complain as much. Students would be better prepared and have more attention span, it would improve test and grades because students would be more focused instead of looking at the clock waiting for school to get out. Starting school later would not just help the teachers out it would help parents as well because there would be less fighting to go to school and the kids would be in a better mood. We will write a custom essay sample on Starting School Later or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Plus more sleep is required for teens now more then ever. Starting school just 30 minutes later was connected with huge improvements in teens reported sleep times, mood and health. Not only did the average student sleep about 30 minutes later it the morning, many reported going to bed about 15 minutes earlier. Dr. Owens said some students reported they felt so much better sleeping later, they also decided to try to go to bed earlier to get more sleep. Yes teens should start going to bed earlier, but from studies it shows that even though teens go to bed earlier, they are more tired in the morning then when they go to bed later. The RSU 10 school district has late arrivals on wednesday and students get to go in a hour later, it seems to help a lot. The students seem to be more rested and happier because they get to sleep longer and classes are shorter. Schools should really consider changing the school days from waking up an hour later and staying an hour longer. Teens would be better rested and would be ready to do work.
Monday, April 13, 2020
Introduction The intention of the Victorian State Government to undertake the East West Link Project is a good move that will improve the state of infrastructure in the City of Melbourne.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on The East West link Project specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The construction of 18 kilometer-road network across Melbourne to link the already existing Western Ring Road to the Eastern Freeway is a very ambitious project. Given that this project is estimated to cost about 8 billion US dollars, it is clear that the project will be very involving and therefore, needs a lot of dedication from the government and all the stakeholders. According to Kloppenborg (2009), it is always important to understand the magnitude of a project before developing its prototype. When developing a prototype, the management should have a deep understanding of the intended goals and objectives that the project seeks to a ccomplish. In this case, the project management must have an understanding of what the Victorian State Government expects from the project. This government intends to spend about 8 billion dollars in this project. It must get what its investment is worth. The project management team has a major task of ensuring that this project yields the needed result. This must start from the planning stage of this project. Heldman (2011) says that a successful project is always seen at the planning stage. Planning of the project involves forecasting what the project team members will be doing, the expected timeline for every activity in the project, the associated costs at every stage, and any other costs and tasks that will be carried out within the project. The planning stage also involves defining the roles of every project member. Project Initiation Tonnquist (2009, p. 118) observes that the first stage in project management process is the initiation stage. At this stage, the financiers and those who own the project identifies the need to undertake the project.Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In this project, the Victorian State Government has identified the need to develop a road that would join Western Ring Road to Eastern Freeway as a way of decongesting the City of Melbourne. Having identified the need to be met by project, then the project team members can move to the planning stage. Project Planning Project Objectives According to Meredith (2012), it is not possible for a project to be successful when project members and the stakeholders do not understand the exact objectives of the project. Defining specific project objectives is always important before the onset of the project. In most of the cases, the financier is always responsible for the development of these objectives. This is because the financier knows what should be achieved upon completion of the project. In this project, the Victorian State Government knows why this project is important and what it should achieve when it is finally completed. Developing project objectives is not only meant for the financiers or owners of the project. Every stakeholder has a role to play in this in order to ensure that the objectives developed are smart in nature. The objectives should be specific and implementable within a given timeline. The following are some of the specific objectives that this project should achieve when it is finally completed. This road should be able to link Western Ring Road to Eastern Freeway upon its completion. The infrastructure should be long lasting and able to meet the traffic needs within Melbourne City. The infrastructure should be developed based on the set standards of roads in Australia. The development of this infrastructure should cost this government an amount, which is within the initially set budget. The project should be completed on or befor e the set timeline in order to meet the expectations of the taxpayers. The above are some of the objectives that the project members must work with focus of achieving them. Given that this project will commence in late 2014, it is important for all the stakeholders to ensure that they do everything within their powers to make the project start in the right manner, and that all the needed project deliverables are availed. It is through this that this team will be assured that the project will run smoothly until the day of its completion. The Victorian State Government has a duty to play in ensuring that it avails all the resources that is needed for this project. The project managers also have a role of stipulating the path this project will take, and explaining to the financier all that which is needed to make this project a reality. Justification of the project Meredith and Mantel (2012, p. 71) observes that projects are always costly ventures in terms of the resources needed, and the time that is invested in it. The East West Link Project will cost about 8 billion US dollars. The project will also need about six years to be completed. These are massive resources that this project will consume for it to be completed successfully.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on The East West link Project specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The taxpayers will have to meet the costs of this project. It is therefore, important to state clearly to them the importance of the project. They should be made to understand why the project is worth the cost. Making all the stakeholders understand the importance of the project helps in justifying the need to implement the project. In the East West Link Project, the intention is to link Western Ring Road and Eastern Freeway, which already exist. The need to link them emanated from the fact that motorists are forced to spend a lot of time on the road using the existing r outes, thereby creating congestions in the city. The project seeks to ease traffic congestion within the City of Melbourne by creating a new route that will enable motorists to take shorter routes. Upon its completion, the project will ensure that traffic snarl-ups that are always experienced within Melbourne City are eliminated. This will improve efficiency of doing business in this city. It will attract more investors who will consider the city attractive due to improved infrastructure. It will also help in eliminating millions of dollars that is lost every year because of the slow movement of traffic, especially during the peak hours. The residents of Melbourne will have a pleasant experience of moving on roads that are free from traffic jam. The link will be cost effective for road users not only because of the eliminated traffic jam, but also because of the reduced distance motorists will have to cover. Therefore, this viable project can help this city in a great way when it is finally completed in 2019. Project scope When undertaking any given project, hopes are always high from various stakeholders as each individual speculates on what the project shall achieve when it is finally completed. According to Bruce and Langdon (2000, p. 56), it is always important to regulate these expectations by defining what the project scope is, in order to make everyone understand the real intention of the project. Harmonizing the expectations of all the stakeholders is important in ensuring that the outcome of the project is convincing to every individual. It helps in eliminating some unrealistic hopes that some stakeholders may have, and making them know what to expect of the project. It is always the intention of project members to satisfy the needs of all the stakeholders when a project is completed.Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Defining the scope of the project makes them understand what to expect from the project, hence increasing chances of the project satisfying the stakeholders upon its completion. This will form part of the success of the project when it is finally brought into completion. In this project, the scope is limited to constructing a road linking Western Ring Rad and Eastern Freeway. This road will be a dual carriageway that will be able to support all types of vehicles. The road will have six lanes. This road is expected to eliminate the need for motorists who are on Western Ring Road to travel to the city center before going to the Eastern Freeway. Those on Eastern Freeway will also not need to travel to the city center before getting on the Western Ring Road. The road under this project will link the two routes directly. This will ease congestion in the city, as it will reduce the number of vehicles travelling to the city center. This project will save time for the road users because it would take a shorter time to use this new road than to go through the city center. It will reduce the cost of fuel for road users because of the shorter distance to cover. The project is limited to developing a standard quality road linking the two highways. Project Execution The Project Management Team The first step in project execution is to identify project team members. In every project, it is important to understand the project members who will participate in various activities within the project. As Nagarajan (2005, p. 27) says, sensitive projects such as those involving infrastructure needs people with necessary skills to undertake various duties. In the development of this infrastructure, there will be a need for civil engineers, designers, among others professionals. There will also be a need to have a lawyer who will constantly ensure that the interests of all the stakeholders in the project are protected. There should be a clear hierarchy among all the project members de fining the role of each project member and their ranks. The following diagram shows the hierarchy of the project members. The above diagram shows the capacities held by different individuals within this project. The project manager heads the project. It is important to note that the Financier of the project, who is the Victorian State Government, occupies a special position within the project. The government falls in a special rank within the project, which allows it to supervise the activities within the project, but neither directing nor being directed by any officer within the project. This means that the financier, who owns this project, will have an opportunity to monitor directly the operations of the project without the feeling that it is interfering with the normal operations of the project. Under the project manager are specialists who are responsible for various tasks within the project. The project team managers will be in charge of specific groups tasked with various du ties in the project. The project members, especially the junior officers will be undertaking various operational tasks within the project. Project team manager will head each group within the project. This team manager must be an individual with the technical knowledge in the area he or she will be heading. This means that most of them will be engineers. Each team will be reporting to the project manager who will then brief the top officials of the Victorian State Government. It is important to note that The Victorian State Government will have its own officials in the project who will carry out various investigative activities within the project and report directly to the top officials of the Victorian State Government. The reports given by the government agents in the project will be compared closely with the report given by the project manager to determine if they agree. It is important to note that the government agents will be working independently to investigate progress of th e project. The quality assurance team will be answerable to two offices about the progress of the project and the quality achieved at each stage. The first office it will be answerable to is the project managerÃ¢â¬â¢s office. This must be done twice in every week. The quality assurance team is also answerable to the agents of the Victorian State Government whenever they request for any information. The project manager will be responsible for ensuring that the project members work in line with the overall objective of the project, and in unity. This will help in ensuring that all the intended objectives are achieved successfully and within the desired timeline. Project Costs and Timeline It is important to state project costs and the timeline within which it should be brought to completion. Specifying project costs helps in weighing the benefits against its costs. This way, the client in the project can determine whether another cheaper option can be taken. To the team responsible for implementing the project, it is important to define costs in order to ensure that every item within the project is catered for to avoid disruption. According to Kerzner (2013, p. 45), there are cases where a project fails because there was no precise determination of the costs of the project. In such cases, implementers may come to realize that the amount of money they had set for the project is not enough. It would force them to ask for more funding otherwise the project may be grounded. In order to avoid such failures, defining a comprehensive cost of the project is important in ensuring that the project experiences no financial challenges once it gets underway. In this project, it is expected that the total cost of the project will be about 8 billion US dollars. Project timeline helps in defining project success. Haynes (2002, p. 45) notes that stating the timeline helps in the assessment of the project. The project assessment team will always use the set timeline to determin e if the project is running within the schedule. Every stage in the project must have a clear date on which it should be completed. Any causes of delay that are justifiable should be communicated to the relevant authorities as soon as possible so that they can make a decision on how to handle the issue in time. In this project, it is estimated that it would take about six years for this project to be completed. It will start in late 2014 and completed in 2019 or 2020. The timeline for this project is further stated in the Gantt chart attached. The Gantt chart explains all the activities involved in this project and the estimated time it will take to complete the entire project. Activities to be undertaken in the Project It is at the implementation phase of a project that a lot of attention and concentration is needed. This project is expected to begin officially in 2014. This means that the duration between now and its commencement date will involve a series of planning, and other a pproval activities that will be carried out by various stakeholders. This will need to start by development of a prototype (Field and Keller 1998, p. 89). The prototype will need to be tested to determine its effectiveness and the ability to meet the required standards. The engineers involved in the project will do this. The lawyer will help them by giving advice on relevant laws and government requirements in every stage of planning and project implementation. The lawyer will tell the engineers of the consequences that the project may face when they take a given path. Monitoring and Controlling Process In order to ensure that the needed quality in this project is achieved, a team will monitor the project closely. When a given prototype has been developed, the project manager and the engineers who were responsible for developing the prototype will explain the model to the owners of the project (top officials of the Victorian State Government). These officials will need to approve th e prototype before it can be given green light for full implementation. When these officials reject the prototype, the engineers and all the responsible project members will be forced to go back to the drawing board and develop a new prototype that is acceptable to the project owners. When the prototype is accepted, then the project members will go to the next step of implementing the approved model. When monitoring the progress of the project, the quality assurance team, and Victorian State Government officials will use the prototype that was approved to determine if the project is in line with its objectives as outlined in its plan. Closure This project can be brought to a closure under three circumstances. The first circumstance under which the project can be brought to a closure is upon its completion, which is scheduled in 2020. The project can also be brought to a closure when either of the parties breaches the contract. The third reason for the closure can be when either of t he parties feels frustrated with the project. Conclusion The East West Link Project is very ambitious, and upon its completion, it will help improve the infrastructure within the City of Melbourne. However, the project will cost the Victorian State Government a lot of money to complete. The government will need to spend about eight billion US dollars to bring the project to completion. The project will take about six years, starting from 2014 until 2019 or 2020. For this project to be successful, all the project members must understand the requirements of the project at every stage. All the project members must actively participate in this project. List of References Bruce, A Langdon, K 2000, Project management, Dorling Kindersley, New York. Field, M Keller, L 1998, Project management, International Thomson Business Press, London. Haynes, M 2002, Project management: Practical tools for success, Crisp Learning, Menlo Park. Heldman, K 2011, Project management jumpstart, Wiley, Hobok en. Kerzner, H 2013, Project management: A systems approach to planning, scheduling, and controlling, John Wiley Sons, Hoboken. Kloppenborg, T 2009, Contemporary Project Management, South-Western, New York. Meredith, J 2012, Project management: A managerial approach, Wiley, Hoboken. Meredith, J Mantel, S 2012, Project management, Wiley, Hoboken. Nagarajan, K 2005, Project management, New Age International, New Delhi. Tonnquist, B 2009,Project management: A complete guide, Academica, Aarhus. This report on The East West link Project was written and submitted by user Punisher to help you with your own studies. 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Wednesday, March 11, 2020
Biography of Jean Baptiste Lamarck Early Life and Education Jean-Baptiste Lamarck was born in Northern France on August 1, 1744. He was the youngest of eleven children born to Philippe Jacques de Monet de La Marck and Marie-FranÃ §oise de Fontaines de Chuignolles, a noble but not rich family. Most men in Lamarcks family went into the military, including his father and older brothers. However, Jeans father pushed him toward a career in the Church, so Lamarck went to a Jesuit college in the late 1750s. When his father died in 1760, Lamarck rode off to a battle in Germany and joined the French army. He quickly rose through the military ranks and became a commanding Lieutenant over troops stationed in Monaco. Unfortunately, Lamarck was injured during a game he was playing with his troops and after surgery made the injury worse, he was decommissioned. He then went off to study medicine with his brother, but decided along the way that the natural world, and particularly botany, were a better choice for him. Biography In 1778 he published Flore franÃ §aise, a book that contained the first dichotomous key that helped identify different species based on contrasting characteristics. His work earned him the title of Botanist to the King which was given to him by Comte de Buffon in 1781. He was able to then travel around Europe and collect plant samples and data for his work. Turning his attention to the animal kingdom, Lamarck was the first to use the term invertebrate to describe animals without backbones. He began collecting fossils and studying all sorts of simple species. Unfortunately, he became completely blind before he finished his writings on the subject, but he was assisted by his daughter so he could publish his works on zoology. His most well-known contributions to zoology were rooted in the Theory of Evolution. Lamarck was the first to claim that humans had evolved from a lower species. In fact, his hypothesis stated that all living things built up from the most simple all the way up to humans. He believed that new species spontaneously generated and body parts or organs that were not used would just shrivel up and go away. His contemporary, Georges Cuvier, quickly denounced this idea and worked hard to promote his own nearly opposite ideas. Jean-Baptiste Lamarck was one of the first scientists to publish the idea that adaptation occurred in species to help them better survive in the environment. He went on to assert that these physical changes were then passed down to the next generation. While this is now known to be incorrect, Charles Darwin used these ideas when forming his theory of Natural Selection. Personal Life Jean-Baptiste Lamarck had a total of eight children with three different wives. His first wife, Marie Rosalie Delaporte, gave him six children before she died in 1792. However, they did not marry until she was on her deathbed. His second wife, Charlotte Victoire Reverdy gave birth to two children but died two years after they were married. His final wife, Julie Mallet, did not have any children before she died in 1819. It is rumored that Lamarck may have had a fourth wife, but it has not been confirmed. However, it is clear that he had one deaf son and another son who was declared clinically insane. His two living daughters took care of him on his deathbed and were left poor. Only one living son was making a good living as an engineer and had children at the time of Lamarcks death.
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Gambling and its effect on professional and college sports - Essay Example However, humans are a unique and the only species on earth which is conscious as well as concerned about the future and their superior brain allows them to be predictive and speculative in nature. This extra ability allows humans to indulge in fantasy and speculation which is reflected in the phenomenon of gambling which has developed into an art over the years. In face of the stiff competition everybody tries to stay ahead of the other and subtle methods and means are employed to get an edge in oneÃ¢â¬â¢ favor. Gambling is also an evil which has developed over the course of time and has assumed such proportions that it is legalized in some parts of the world. Everybody tries to chance their luck in order to get short term immediate monetary gains and thereby obtain temporary succor from the travails of life. Sports are an essential component of education and are incorporated into the course curriculum in order to eliminate the monotony of student life. People even opt for adopting sports as a career as it is a highly paying profession if one is capable of reaching the pinnacle in any of the sports disciplines. Collective efforts at the state and the national level are made to support their representative teams in various tournaments across the nation as well on the international platforms. The general public usually builds up euphoria and attachment with the local or the national team and this sometimes transforms into downright craze. This allows for the elements of wagering and bets in or against a particular team to develop. In fact the phenomenon has assumed the mantle of a business itself in the present era of online connectivity and rapid communication. In the United States sports wagering has assumed serious proportions and it has taken the form of a highly organized industry with statistics showing that almost 85% of the population indulges in